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19 September 2005

a perfect pumpkin pie

pie I, originally uploaded by shaunaforce.

As I drove down the main highway of Vashon Island yesterday afternoon, heading toward my brother’s house for a family feast, I caught it: the first whiff of woodsmoke coming from the side of the road. Sweet with branches and leaves, a little acrid, and deeply familiar, like an old longing suddenly sprung to life again. And immediately, all the walls I had built up against the coming of fall—they all came tumbling down. And suddenly, I saw Central Park in October, the leaves brittle and brilliant, enflamed in that moment before death. The air cool along my arms, the world more vivid for a few weeks before the grey of winter. And I could feel, in that moment, all the images of autumn come tumbling at me: fat pumpkins waiting to be carved; a patch of leaves, bright red against a pale blue sky; and the light. Autumn light in Seattle is thinner, lower, and more piercing than summer light. In summer, the light in Seattle is like liquid, spilling on everything generously. But autumn light is a little more reticent, more concentrated, and in the end, more beautiful for it. This morning, as I walked toward my bus stop, I looked toward the east and saw a shaft of just-past-dawn sunlight, streaming through the windshields of the cars parked along the street. And the dust on the windows gleamed like gold. There’s no other light like it. And yesterday, smelling that woodsmoke for an ephemeral beat of time, I knew, without a doubt, that it was autumn.

Time for pie.

Yesterday, I drove to Vashon, one of my sacred spaces in the world, for a celebration of my father’s birthday. My dear brother, fabulous sister-in-law, and my incomparable, so-tremendous-I-don’t-know-how-to-write-about-him nephew live on Vashon, on a five-acre property. The same place I wrote about in August, the one where the roosters woke me up from camping at 5 am. I adore being there, especially in the day time when the roosters can’t wake me. At the beginning of my teaching career, I lived on Vashon and taught at the high school there. It was the start of my awakening, my gentle unfurling into the world. I love it still.

And of course, any time I have the chance to play with Elliott, I am happy. He grins wide when he sees me and runs to me from across the room. I jump up and down in anticipation, then grab him to twirl him around. We dance to Daler Mehndi, hit the tee-ball outside, play with colored sand on paper plates, and have long conversations about memories and dreams. He’s only two. He’s my favorite person in the world. And I have so much to say about him that I’ll have to do a separate post soon, because I love introducing him to new foods. But for now, I’ll console myself at not being with him by showing you a picture of him yesterday, just after we had played tug-of-war with a Williams and Sonoma tea towel, and I had covered him in kisses and blown raspberries on his stomach. And thus, he is giggling:

Elliott giggling

My parents adore him as much as I do (well, I find it hard to believe they could love him as much as I do, but they say they do!), so the perfect present for my dad’s birthday was the chance to spend the afternoon with all of us, at Andy’s house, with Elliott. And since eating out is expensive for all those people, as well as problematic for me, I decided to make a feast for my father in his honor.

Meri spent her last evening in Seattle with me on Saturday. I say last because she travels for her job, recruiting students for her university, and she is now in Eastern Washington for the next two weeks. So on Saturday, we cooked. We made a scrumptious ceviche (if you don’t know what that is, look here, then make one. Now!). A fritatta. A batch of pesto. Some more figs and goat cheese. Green beans with almonds and pecorino cheese. And we ate little nibbles along the way, sampling everything once, sometimes twice, but leaving the bulk of the food for the party the next day.

But the best part of all was making pumpkin pie. Pumpkin pie is my father’s favorite dessert. He has always loved it, which is part of the reason that Thanksgiving is his favorite holiday. But pumpkin pie is so ridiculously easy to make--after all, the recipe on the back of the Libby’s can, which I have been making all my life, calls for a can of pumpkin, evaporated milk, eggs, sugar, and lots of spices. I usually go heavy on the cinnamon, which turns the pie darker, and far more memorable.
Before my celiac diagnosis, I had making pie down pat. In fact, for years, one of my nicknames was Pie. I learned to make them years before, at the knees of my mother, who learned to make them from her Pennsylvania Dutch grandmother. For reasons I could never fathom, people seem frightened of making pies. “Oh, I could never make the crust,” I’ve heard at parties. Too daunting, apparently. But since I had been learning to make pie crust (and cinnamon rolls and cookies) from my mother before I could consciously remember, I never understood the fuss. The secret to great pie dough is patience. Understand that pie dough can be a little stroppy, a little quick to wilt or turn tough. You really have to listen to it with your hands, with a deft touch and a pause before continuing on to the next step. In time, I had perfected the process, and I could roll out out a pie dough and pop it in the oven faster than it would take to drive to the store and buy a frozen pie. I knew pies.

And when I lived in New York, I made pies, all the time. Since relatively few people in New York even cook (at least in Manhattan), this made me something of a celebrity. One weekend, after a trip to the Catskills with friends, the car full of fresh-picked apples, I threw an apple pie party at my apartment. I started in the morning and spent all day in the kitchen, averting my mind from anything but the task at hand. The counters were covered in flour, and there were bits of half-baked dough in the gas burners of the stove, but by the early evening, I had seven pies, steaming, waiting for my guests. I invited all my friends over and poured them all glasses of milk. And cut them hunks of pie. They all moaned with happiness, exclaimed about the taste, and said the same thing, “You didn’t make the crust, did you?” I just laughed, happy they were enjoying it.

Once, I made a cherry pie for a dinner party at my friend’s apartment on 84th Street. Since I lived on 101st, I knew I wouldn’t have far to go, and I was just too cheap to take a cab for that little distance. So I planned to take the M104 bus. But planning ahead with food, so the pie is not only made but perfectly cooled before I climb on a big-city bus with a pie, has never been one of my strong suits. I dashed around the kitchen, checking on the state of the fruit beginning to bubble softly in the slits of the top crust, and took time to dust the flour from my nose. One look at the clock told me I didn’t have time to wait any longer. So I grabbed my purse, than pulled the pie from the oven, and went down the elevator with a hot cherry pie in my oven-mitted hands.
Now granted, I’m sure this isn’t a typical sight on the Upper West Side, but I had no idea what a commotion I would make. My doorman started first, craning his neck to see where that indelible smell was coming from, down the hall. When he spotted me, he shouted, in his thick Albanian accent, “Hey! Can I have some?” I smiled genially and passed on by. The guy on the stoop, the one who always hung out at the stoop, grinned up at me as I passed, the only smile he ever gave me, and murmured, “Ah, pie. Now that’s a woman.” As I walked onto the street, I saw hungry eyes following me, fixed on the pie. When I walked into the crosswalk, a trucker leaned down on his horn and startled me so much I nearly dropped the pie. He laughed and pointed at the pie, as though he were catcalling a beautiful girl.
Shaking my head and laughing at the scene, which felt like it came from a surrealist movie, I climbed onto the bus when it came. Fumbling with my Metro card and trying to balance the pie on the card reader, I didn’t look at the other people on the bus for a moment. But when I looked up, I saw that they were all staring at me. Every one of them. Even the guy in the back who usually sat slumped against the window, drooling. Every one of them was looking at me. No. They were looking at my pie. Suddenly shy, I ducked my head and walked down the center aisle, sometimes nodding at people as I went by. But I could tell—their heads followed me. When I finally found a plastic blue seat open, I scrunched down into it. The woman next to me fake moaned, “Oh, you would have to sit next to me!” And then she said, “Can I have a piece?” To which I gamely smiled and half laughed, the way I was supposed to. But I’ve always wondered—what would happen if I said, “Okay!” then took out a knife and cut her a slice? (And I’ve always wanted to try it. Another time.)
Just as everyone seemed to have settled down and grown used to the pie, we stopped at 96th Street. Something shifted in the air. An angry passenger climbed onto the bus. Full of frenetic energy, and angry at the world, the lithe man bent his body to bang on the card reader. Short of change, he grew furious at the driver, who finally let him just go to the back without paying. As he walked down the aisle, the man muttered to himself, and to us, about the state of the world and his victimhood in it. Loudly. With vile language. And a hint of violence in the way he walked. Everyone froze. We all looked down at our laps, which left me looking at my steaming cherry pie. I know the rule in New York: don’t make eye contact with a crazy person. It will only make for trouble. And in my mind, I kept thinking, “Please don’t take my pie.” But after a few more stops, I noticed that everything had gone quiet. And the air felt like it was moving again. What had happened to the angry man? I looked up to see him by the back door, a smile across his face, his eyes suddenly delighted, all trace of violence gone. And he was pointing at my lap, then laughed, and said, “Pie!”

It seems that nothing brings New Yorkers together like a fresh-out-of-the-oven pie.

And once, a famous television comedian said that I made the best apple pie he had ever eaten. But I can’t tell you his name, or the quite-hilarious story, because it was a strange, Cyrano de Bergerac tale with pie (me being the writer, of course), and I don’t want to be sued for libel. But if you ever meet me, ask me to tell you this one. It’s a doozy. And he still has my pie plate.

So you can see that, for a woman with this many pie stories, and a dozen others, being told you can never eat gluten again was quite the crushing blow.

Or not. Because now, I have discovered the secret to gluten-free pie crust: chill the dough, for a long time, before you roll it out.

pie slice

For my dad’s pumpkin pie, I used the Gluten-free Pantry Perfect Pie Crust Mix. I’ve used it before, for the salt cod tart, and one other attempt, which I didn’t write about here, because it failed. But before, I rushed it, or didn’t have all the ingredients. Wheat flour is fairly remarkably forgiving. But gluten-free flour is persnickety. It’s one of the few food substances where you have to use the exact recipe, in the order they give you, or else it will wilt.

So on Saturday, I spent time with it, coaxed it into shape, consulted the back of the package many times as I made it. I used cider vinegar and eggs, as it called for, even though the old, pie-making me screamed at the thought of such foods in my pie crust. I did it. And this time, I actually chilled it, the way the package stated. I left it in the fridge for two hours, covered, and tried to forget it.

When you roll out a gluten-free pie crust, don’t expect it to stick together. That’s what gluten is for--the sticking together. Instead, treat it gingerly, rolling bit by bit. And when it breaks, because it will, don’t despair and try again. It’s done. Instead, take the large pieces in your fingers, and with the same delicacy and firm command as though you were creating a sculpture, place the pieces in the pie pan, then stick them together. (Gluten-free crust is soft, unlike gluten flour, and that is its magic.) Eventually, this Frankenstein creation will turn into pie crust. And then, you’ll be smiling.

Yesterday, when I arrived at my brother’s house, I greeted Elliott with a giant twirl, a raspberry on the belly, and a big smooshy hug. And then I hugged everyone else. Elliott wanted to know what I had brought, so I walked him over to the bulging box of food and opened it up. He bent his head down to look inside, then pulled it up to look at me, with delight, “PIE!” He shouted it, with great glee, at the thought of eating it, and the joy that he recognized it. “I likes pie!” he told me.

That’s my boy.

I’m not going to brag. Let’s just say that everyone enjoyed the food. I pulled more and more dishes out of that magic box of food, and everyone oohed and ahhed. The fritatta was a hit. The pesto vanished, presto. The salads and figs and green beans and cheese made everyone full, to bursting. But it was the pie that fed them best. My dad took one bite, and looked up at me with the same delight that had been in Elliott’s eyes. “Shauna, this is really good. It’s just a really good pie. Who cares that it’s gluten-free? Anyone would love this pie.”

And when I drove home, hours later, I couldn’t help but smile, in the smell of woodsmoke, in that piercing golden light, at the thought that I had finally learned to make a great gluten-free pie.

Shauna happy after pie


Now, there are ways to make an excellent gluten-free crust without buying a mix. And I'm certain that I'll be doing that soon too. But sometimes, buying all the individual flours, plus the xantham gum, can be a little spendy. However, if you have them in your house already, or you want to make the investment, here's the recipe that Melissa from Traveler's Lunchbox left me in the comments yesterday. It looks fabulous, and it comes originally from here.

1/2 cup tapioca flour
1 cup sweet rice flour
1/2 cup cornstarch
1/4 cup potato starch flour
1 rounded tsp xanthan gum
1/2 tsp salt
dash sugar optional
1/2 cup margarine
1/2 cup butter flavored crisco
1 egg cold
1 Tblsp. GF vinegar
4 tablespoons of ice water
sweet rice flour for rolling

Blend together the flours, xanthan gum, salt, and sugar. Cut in the margarine and Crisco in small dabs until you have shortening the size of lima beans (not cornmeal).

Beat the egg using a fork; add the vinegar and ice water. Stir into the flour mixture, forming a ball. You may knead this a bit, since rice flour crusts can stand handling. Refrigerate the dough for an hour or more to chill.

Divide dough and roll out on a sweet rice-floured board (or on floured plastic wrap, for easier handling). Place in a pie tin. If using plastic wrap, remove it to the pie tin and invert the dough into the pan. Shape before removing the plastic. Bake as directed for the filling used.

For a baked crust, prick the pastry with a fork on sides and botton. Bake the crust in a pre-heated 450 oven for 10 - 12 minutes, or until slightly browned. Cool before filling. Makes enough pastry for a 2-crust 9" pie plus 1 pie shell.


At 1:24 AM, Blogger eat stuff said...

I saw an ingrediant at the supermarket (in Australia) that I wondered if you had seen, it is faux gluten for celiacs...

"Orgran Gluten Free Gluten Replacer

Orgran Gluten Free Gluten Substitute (GfG) is a revolutionary new development that will give your starch and other gluten free flours of your choice workability and versatility. GfG Substitute will mimic the physical protein found in wheat in a way to allow the forming of dough or batter with a similar consistency and characteristics to wheat based ingredients. "
-- it is at the bottom of the page

Might make the pastry and bread easier to make?

HTH Clare

At 9:43 AM, Blogger Joe said...

Your pumpkin pie sounds fantastic - It's almost a little early for me but I can just smell it now!

At 9:51 AM, Blogger Michelle said...

wow - that crust looks really yummy. nice pic of you too!

At 11:32 AM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

I'm so glad your pie (and the rest of your feast) turned out so well! I was wondering if you tried making the crust, but I know what you mean about the ingredients being a large initial investment. When you do, however, it will more than pay off, because it will end up much cheaper than the mixes, and you'll have so many fantastic breads/cakes/cookies you can bake with them. One tip is that if you ever find yourself down in Portland, pay the Bob's Red Mill factory a visit - they sell all their products in bulk at significant savings, and they have a shop there with a huge range of gluten-free products! And there's something I just realized with a gasp: that recipe as it's posted is missing a couple of crucial ingredients (so it's a good thing you didn't make it yet!!). Add to this list 1 cup of sweet (glutinous) rice flour, and 4 tablespoons of ice water. And as if I haven't taken enough of your comment space already, one last tip is that bags of rice flour, sweet rice flour, tapioca and potato starch can usually be found for very cheap at Asian supermarkets. Whew!
p.s. Clare, thanks for the tip on the gluten substitute! I'm going to have to get ahold of some.

At 12:08 PM, Blogger Ruth Daniels said...

Wonderful stories - as usual, and Elliot does sound truly fabulous - and so handsome!!!

Pumpkin pie and my auntie Rita's strawberry rhubarb top my pie list.

Thanks for sharing your weekend in Vashon and your time in New York. Your writing always has me smiling.

At 12:35 PM, Blogger Mags said...


At 1:03 PM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

Mmmm, pie. It is a great picture of you too, basking in the glow of a job well done!

At 1:17 PM, Blogger kitchenmage said...

Making a two-year old happy with food is about the best thing ever! I have a not-quite two year old niece who, at ~15 months, tried some of my blueberry-habenero chutney and spent the rest of the day saying, "more blueberries please mom..." (yes, she actually said that--she's "freakishly smart," to quote her sister and learning 3-4 languages...i'm lucky she said it in English)

Vashon sounds lovely, but then again, it's Vashon so how could it not? I love this time of year, my fog is back, there's a hint of fall color in the trees, and the evening air is downright crisp.

At 1:35 PM, Blogger Cerebrum said...

Thank you for sharing Shauna. I'm usually really bad at sitting down and read longish posts - must be some sort of attention deficit disorder :-) - but I love it every time you have a new one up, 'cause I know I'll have a smile on my lips when I'm done reading it, and it will be so worth the while!

At 3:42 PM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

What an impressive spread you created for your family! I think you have every right to brag. :)

At 4:14 PM, Blogger kitchenmage said...

totally OT, i saw this at Beth's Zen food site:
"One of my favorite childhood food memories is going to the General Store on Main Street in Disneyland, pulling a big, briny pickle out of the barrel and sucking on it all day long."

My dad worked at dizzyland when I was a kid and the first place I used to head was the pickle barrel! Those were amazing pickles, and only a nickel. Thanks for the memory.


At 2:00 AM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

Impressive results and quick too. Wish I could roll the crusts out so fast. Have you figured out how to make pumpkin pie without using eggs or dairy? I wish there were good recipes that didn't use either.

At 9:18 AM, Blogger dc365 said...

I once walked a strawberry rhubarb pie from my house at 15th & O all the way down 14th street to the Tidal Basin at Cherry Blossom Festival time, to eat it under the blooms for a picnic. It was uncovered and steaming, because I, too, am a bad planner. It was definitely homemade looking... a little patchy and uneven. And I also received SO many stares and comments. Tourists all seemed to think it was cherry pie (even though the cherry trees were just blossoming, hence why they're visiting). Several offered to buy it off me. Next year, I may set up a pie table at the basin, and give everyone a slice!

At 1:43 PM, Blogger Corrina said...

Oh, and I forgot to mention, was Babycakes around when you were in NYC?
Broome btw Orchard and Ludlow.! My kingdom for a carrot cupcake and a cinnamon toastie!! No refined sugar, gluten-free, and a secret frosting recipe. Plus they are open late!

At 11:11 PM, Blogger Lau said...

I realize you posted this 2 years ago, but I have only recently found you. Originally, I found your blog about 9 months ago when my boyfriend found out that he was allergic to gluten. More recently, as fall started setting in and our thoughts turned towards pumpkin - and his favorite, pumpkin pie (I remember making quite a few of them last year for him...) - I started doing a search in preparation for Thanksgiving day festivities of a pie crust that he would be able to eat and enjoy. This blog came up again.

Today is the first time I've ever made a pie completely from scratch (I love baking, but never was in to making pies, since as a child I didn't like crust) and all I can say is "wow"... and thanks!! We're hosting a mini Thanksgiving here with our friends tomorrow, and this will be his (and all of our!) first ever "gluten free Thanksgiving" Having already had a slice of this pie, I know it's going to be a hit. I was worried about it, since a lot of gluten free things I've tried baking have a very strange taste. Your dad was right - gluten free or not, that's one darn good pie crust!!


At 2:54 PM, Blogger Marisa said...

I haven't tried making this gluten free yet, but much better than pumpkin has to be sweet potato pie. Less sweet, but far more rich. And I found this post right after I found I was gluten-intolerant, which made my day, because I love making pies and I was so sad when I thought I couldn't make them anymore.

At 10:55 PM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

Just had to read this story! Really cracked me up :) Happy Holidays!

At 7:54 PM, Blogger k80 said...

I'm so glad you linked to this story in your most recent post about pie because I hadn't read it before. I laughed out loud (as I so often do when I read your words) and my eyes filled with tears (again, this is common when I'm reading your writing). You are a joy to read every single time. I was hoping to get your book for Christmas and didn't...this story leaves me thinking I should buy it for myself! Thank you for being so real, it is so refreshing!

At 1:21 PM, Blogger fleaariel said...

I heard that the crisco shortening contains gluten. Some where I heard that it contains hydrogenated oils and that they contain wheat. Have you heard anything in regards to this?

At 6:02 PM, Blogger herons said...

Have you tried Chia seed flour or gelin any of your gluten free experiments? Supposedly the flour can be substituted for wheat flour, measure for measure.

At 1:25 PM, Blogger Unknown said...

I've made "Donna Jo's Dream Pastry and it is one of the best pie crusts I have ever tasted. My Family was crazy about it and couldn't believe it was gluten free.


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